What are the features of the Stand Alone 5G?
In technical terms, this technology promises 10 Gbps download and 100 Mbps guaranteed speed, which means that traffic will be multiplied by 10 to 4. On the other hand, these networks will support more connected devices (x10 raised to 2), will enable low-cost machine-to-machine (M2M) communication and, perhaps one of the most curious data, is that the IoT product battery has a longer useful life because of the efficiency of consumption.
In addition to speed, what we've seen in the demos is that 5G alone it's the only one that allows a latency of less than 10 ms in addition to guaranteeing ultra-reliability of the network, that is to say, there is no case where we are short of coverage – as long as we are in an area where it exists – or by saturation of it.
In this sense, Orange is postulated as one of the best prepared since it has 100 MHz in the 3.4 to 3.8 GHz band, after a total investment of 152 million euros. Why are these 100 MHz highlighted? Because it's the Optimal band to develop services on 5G, with the highest capacity and maximum speeds.
Why is this 5G different from the one being deployed?
In 2019, at the present time, all 5G is of the type "Not autonomous", which means that it's displayed on a improved 4G network. The next step is to have a dedicated network to use all the promises made with this type of new connections (hence the "only one"). And to have your own network, it is necessary that the entire spectrum be distributed and until 2020 the 700 MHz band, whose bid is still in progress and the second digital dividend.
On the other hand, the regulation is still not defined in relation to what should be called 5G itself. Currently, only the speed standard is specified, but two key elements have not yet been hidden: latency and IoT. Moreover, as far as European regulations are concerned, it remains to be seen the regulation of all the aspects surrounding the security of the new 5G networks.
A 5G mobile from 2019 may not be ready for the "real" 5G
This is another hot spot. In the end, 5G networks will be used from mobile phones and the first 5G smartphones will only support NSA architecture and TDD frequencies. Until 2020, mobile phones will not arrive with all the Capacities (SA / NSA) and compatible with FDD frequencies in addition to TDD.
5G SA vs 5G NSA, the new battle of "networks"
For all these reasons, Orange will announce its 5G networks until the end of 2020 or the beginning of 2021, because he chose to launch it when they will be able to offer themselves fully Standalone Services 5G whereas NSAs' proposals always have drawbacks: high latency for services requiring rapid response, low reliability of critical services, reduced capacity in terms of data volume management, limited proposal of generic services for this would take a lot of time to get to the market – in fact … at that time, the 5G SA could be ready – and, above all, because it is there that lies the big market for operators, with no possibility of break the mass market of the IoT.