Spain will have the second most powerful supercomputer in the world with Italy and Finland
So, Barcelona will receive the grant from the European Commission for the purchase of a new supercomputer that will be 17 times faster than the current, with help to acquire the material that will be around 100 million euros. This figure would be the largest investment in EU research in Spain so far.
This 100 million will be the half the cost all the necessary material, the other half being provided by the Government of the Generalitat and the UPC. This will be the Barcelona Supercomputer (BSC) who manages this supercomputer as in the current version, in a consortium of the country will also pay countries such as Portugal, Turkey and Croatia, which helped Barcelona to install this equipment in front of the two other countries which will also have these supercomputers: Italy and Finland Ireland could also join the consortium.
The three countries will have these supercomputers called "Pre-excale(Of at least 100 petaflops), and will be the the most powerful in Europe. Currently, the most powerful in Europe is the Piz Daint of Switzerland, which is the fifth most powerful in the world with 21 230 TFLOP maximum power. Then followed the SuperMUC-NG in Germany with 19,476, the HPC4 in Italy with 12,210, the Tera-1000-2 in France with 11,965.5, the Marconi in Italy with 10,384.9 and the Cray in the United Kingdom with 8,218.
Spain is currently ranked 25th with the MareNostrum, with a power of 6,470.8 TFLOP. If we multiply the number by 17 by the Commission, we end up 110,000 TFLOP, surpassing the Sierra of the United States, second country in the world with 94,640 TFLOP. Only the top of the United States would be ahead with 143 500 TFLOP, or 125 petaflops. Thus, Spain will share this second position with Finland and Italy, who will have the same team.
The MareNostrum V needs more space: the chapel has remained small
With this, the EU is making a big first step in the European roadmap to supercomputing, in which it wants to become a power that can compete with the United States, China or Japan in this segment, which usually occupies the first seats. This supercomputer in Barcelona will be able to treat200,000 trillion operations per second". The supercomputer will be operational on December 31, 2020and its maintenance will cost 200 million euros for 5 years.
The Supercomputers are the key to an economybecause they are an excellent source of income for dealing with all kinds of tasks. Some of the most used are intended for simulations in the aviation, naval or automotive industry, by the medical industry to study the creation of new drugs or to simulate changes in weather and climate.
The current MareNostrum IV is used by almost 600 scientists which make up the supercomputing center of Barcelona, of which 32% are foreigners. The renewal of the team and the creation of MareNostrum 5 will attract even more talent in Spain. The current supercomputer is housed in an old 160 square meter chapel next to the UPC. Because they need more space, the facilities are extended to a building located right next to it.
Thus, the EU will purchase a total of three supercomputers with more than 100 petaflops to be installed in Barcelona (Spain), Italy and Finland. They will also acquire five other "less powerful" within the petascale.