If you want to oppose online tracking, you have a choice of options when you choose a default browser. Browsers place users' privacy at the top of their list of priorities.
You might know DuckDuckGo as the anti-Google search engine, but it's also diverse to create your own mobile browsers Android and iOS. Not only do they protect you better online, but they give you a lot of information about what they are blocking.
DuckDuckGo starts by enforcing encrypted HTTPS connections when the websites offer them, then rate each page visited based on the aggressiveness with which it tries to exploit your data.
This is a good choice for getting maximum protection with minimal effort.
To keep you anonymous online, DuckDuckGo blocks tracking cookies that can identify you and your device, and even scans and ranks the privacy policies of the sites. You can erase tabs and data automatically at the end of each session, or you can erase those data manually with one click. You can even set a timer to automatically clear your history after a period of inactivity.
The browser extensions for Chromium and Firefox do a very similar job, so you do not have to give up your favorite desktop browser to take advantage of DuckDuckGo's strict privacy controls. Again, extensions classify sites based on their privacy features and block attempts to track your online activities.
What really entices DuckDuckGo apps and browser extensions, is their ease of use. You do not really need to do anything but install them, so it's a good choice to get maximum protection with minimum effort.
Ghostery (Android, iOS, browser extension)
Like the mobile apps from DuckDuckGo, the Ghostery Browser tells you exactly which trackers it is blocking and how many monitoring tools are installed. If you find some sites well maintained, you can mark them as reliable in one click.
Or, if you find a site full of tracking technology, you can block each cookie technology (for commenting systems, media players, etc.), even if the site may break.
Ghostery is also developing an extension that works with just about any desktop browser. Again, you can see the follow-ups on each site, then take appropriate action or leave Ghostery decides and his intelligent intelligence decides what needs to block
Ghostery's tools are a little more in-depth and advanced than those offered by DuckDuckGo. So you can take this into account if you want to increase control over blocked traces on sites.
Tor Browser (Android, Windows, macOS)
Tor Browser is synonymous with navigation "without tracking, monitoring, or censorship" and is worth watching if you want anonymous browsing and no tracking, no tracking, unless you're on iOS, where it's not still available.
The browser application for Android, Windows and macOS is actually part of a larger project aimed at preserving Internet browsing on the Internet. The Tor project routes your Internet surfing through a complex, encrypted network of community-run relays, making it much harder for anyone to accurately determine where you are going on the Web.
In addition to this additional layer of anonymity, Tor Browser is extremely strict regarding the type of background scripts and site tracking technologies that are allowed to run. It also blocks fingerprints, which allow advertisers to recognize the unique features of your device on multiple sites, even if they can not tell who you are.
At the end of each browsing session, everything is cleared, including cookies left by the sites and the browsing history in the Tor Browser application itself. In other words, the private browsing mode is the default mode.
Because of the additional encryption and anonymity measures, Tor Browser can run slightly slower than other browsers, but to remain invisible on the Web, it is the best software that exists. It can even help you connect to countries where the Internet is blocked or censored.
Courageous (Android, iOS, Windows, macOS)
Brave is a project by Brendan Eich, eleven of Mozilla, developer of Firefox, and his mission is to prevent you from following your tracks on the Web and find a better way to offer you advertisements. It's a dichotomy that does not quite fit yet.
There is no doubt about the effectiveness of its tracker blocking technologies, though. Browser applications Block the default ads and place strict restrictions on the information that sites may collect about you through cookies and tracking scripts.
You can block tracking tools, scripts, and fingerprint identification technologies (when sites are trying to identify your particular device), but unlike DuckDuckGo and Ghostery, you do not have a detailed breakdown of the arrested elements.
Brave also tries to block phishing attempts on the Web and enforces HTTPS encryption where it is available. It's a complete package that establishes a judicious balance between simplicity and power.
Time will tell if Brave's attempts to create a new advertising platform respecting confidentiality succeed but it tests the idea of paying users to watch ads and splitting revenue with content creators. You can also pay micropayments directly to the sites you like, although all of this is totally opt-in.
Firefox (Android, iOS, Windows, macOS)
As we mentioned at the beginning, Firefox now blocks third-party cookies by default. These are the pieces of code left by advertisers trying to pull together what you do on multiple sites to create a more detailed picture of your personality. .
It also gives you a ton of information on every website that you visit on trackers and cookies that have tried to leave and on those that Firefox has blocked. Access permissions to your location and microphone can also be easily managed.
All of this is on the desktop – mobile apps have not been removed yet – but whatever platform you use. install Firefox onyou have many privacy features. On mobile, you can again take control of the blocking of trackers and cookies and erase the data stored each time you close the application.
For an even stricter protection of the tracker and the blocking of advertisements at the start, there is Firefox Focus Android and iOS. This is a lite version of the main browser, without all that is needed for Firefox, but if speed and privacy are your top priorities, it's definitely worth a try.
The leading Firefox applications for desktops and mobile devices occupy a prominent place in balancing privacy with convenience. There is something for everyone, as those who want to better control how their data is collected, have the usual features of the browser (such as extensions and password synchronization).
Safari (iOS, MacOS)
Apple continues to add anti-tracking technology to Safari with each successive version on iOS and macOS, although this is not an option for your browser of choice if you are on Windows or Android of course.
Safari has already declared war on third party tracking cookies that attempt to link the points of your web activity to multiple sites and also blocks device fingerprinting techniques that try to identify you from the way your phone or your laptop is configured.
These protections will tighten even further with the arrival of iOS 13 and macOS Catalina in the fall. The browser warns you when you try to use a weak password on a new website or service.
Safari also acts in the context of Apple's commitment to collect as little information about you as possible and to keep most of this information locked on your device rather than on Apple servers.
Like most Apple products, Safari is an obvious choice if you use a lot of other Apple products in your everyday life. You can seamlessly switch between browsing an iPhone and a Mac, for example.
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