Google and UCMC both denied the allegations. If this is true, they would constitute a flagrant violation of HIPAA. But the lawsuit was not brought under HIPAA. Instead, he alleges deceptive and unfair business practices under the Illinois Consumer Protection Act, as well as violations of the common law privacy rights. The complaint describe how Google could, in theory, legally receive anonymized medical records, and then link them to vast storehouses of data about online behavior of Internet users [geolocation, search queries, and social media messages] to re-identify people.
"Until recently, the current way of thinking was to say that if these documents have no name, no address, nothing can go wrong, and I do not think anymore that either, "says Michelle Mello, health law expert at Stanford. who you wrote about the Google / UCMC case. She points out that the HIPAA law was promulgated in 1996, prior to the creation of Google and that the 20 million US surfers only sailed about 30 minutes a day. What technology companies can do with anonymized data reveals gaps in data privacy, which are growing with every Google publication and publication on Facebook, she adds.
"Even when they have been transmitted responsibly, once this data is available, they are no longer under the custody of companies bound by regulations of any kind, and we do not know what links can be made. be done and where that data could end up eventually, "she says. "You can do a lot with people's data without violating any promise."
Faced with this kind of concern, Mayo Clinic officials said they took care to structure the partnership with Google. It will be prohibited by contract to combine Mayo's clinical data with other data sets, according to a hospital spokesperson. This means that all of the data that Google has about a person through its consumer services, such as Gmail, Google Maps, and YouTube, can not be combined with Mayo purified medical record caches. To this end, the hospital will only make available to Google anonymous data in the Mayo-controlled private cloud, where it is able to monitor all activities.
Gostin believes that this should reassure patients to a certain extent, but in no way constitutes a guarantee of confidentiality. "Keeping Google respectful of its confidentiality commitments is difficult and Mayo should intervene judicially," he said. Patients would probably not have their own legal recourse if the agreement was not respected. "The real solution is national legislation imposing better protection of privacy in many areas," he said. "Including data and cloud services, social media and the Internet."
Although not yet in competition with climate change, gun control, Russian electoral interference Mello thinks this type of change is inevitable. "The pace of this technology is out of step with the public's expectations of privacy," she says. "So I think we will soon see a request for formal regulation." In terms of regulation, Google declined to comment.
Standards of practice can and must change as new technologies develop and society's values change. At Plummer's time and for many years, Mayo's doctors could see the records of all patients in the name of science. Then, HIPAA and other regulations relating to human subjects appeared. And pioneers like Mayo have found different ways to use their data to advance medical research. The new laws, adapted to the needs of the current moment in the protection of privacy, must not stop progress. If anything they could inspire innovation.
The universe is filled with almost incomprehensible phenomena, but astronomers can be one step closer to understanding the life cycle of stars. Astronomers observing a distant star system have identified what can be the most massive neutron star ever discovered. This could help shed light on the hazy division between black holes and neutrons stars.
Neutron stars, such as the recently discovered J0740 + 6620, are the remains of dead stars. While stars burn millions, even billions of years, they all end up running out of fuel. Some stars, those between 8 and 29 solar masses eventually become neutron stars. Small stars like the sun become white dwarfs and larger ones collapse in black holes.
A neutron star is extremely dense, with a mass greater than that of the sun in a sphere measured in tens of kilometers. The rest of the star's mass is carried away by a supernova, leaving only the dense and iron-rich nucleus. It has so much mass that it collapses internally until all the protons and electrons melt into neutrons. Some neutron stars such as J0740 + 6620 spin and emit flashes of radiation from their poles – we call them pulsars. This pulsation is the key to characterize J0740 + 6620.
J0740 + 6620 is not alone in his solar system. It's a binary arrangement with a less massive white dwarf. Fortunately, the pole of the pulsar is directed towards the Earth, scanning us with radiofrequency signals that we can measure at a distance of 4600 light-years. Using the Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia, researchers monitored the J0740 + 6620 signal, which runs on millisecond scales. When the white dwarf passes the pulsar, its gravity causes minimal disruption in the regularity of the impulses known as the Shapiro delay. The team measured these delays, which represents a difference of about ten million seconds.
The delay of Shapiro provided the team with important information: the mass of the white dwarf. If you know the mass of an object in a binary system, it is relatively simple to determine the mass of the other. On this basis, the team determined that J0740 + 6620 had a mass of 2.14 solar masses, which is terribly close to the theoretical upper limit of 2.3 solar masses for a neutron star (based on Analysis of gravity waves).
Other studies have identified neutron stars with a solar mass of 2.4 or 2.5, but they were not measured as precisely as this one. We do not know exactly how to get massive neutron stars, but we have never spotted a black hole of less than five solar masses. What happens between the two is always a mystery, but studying J0740 + 6620 could enlighten us on the life and death of the stars.
When NASA new dragonfly drone arrives on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, it will not roll to the surface like Curiosity, Spirit and Opportunity on Mars. Instead, Dragonfly is a dual-rotor quadcopter that will fly from one point to another using a vertical take-off and landing system (VTOL). It exploits the existing UAV technology on Earth to operate the system.
Titan is, in many ways, a great place to try this type of deployment. The combination of low density of this moon and a thick atmosphere dominated by nitrogen makes it easy Fly indoors – or at least easily when flying a remote drone more than 800 million kilometers away and you can not make any mistakes.
XKCD approached this concept in a substantial "If" that evaluated all the planets and moons of the solar system based on their ability to sustain the flight of a Cessna 172 Skyhawk. In most cases, the plane would crush; A sustained flight on Mars, for example, requires a ground speed greater than Mach 1 to take off. Randall Munroe, author of XKCD, told Venus: "Your plane would fly pretty well, except that it would be on fire all the time, then it would stop flying, and then stop being a plane."
But titan? Titan is a different story. Munroe written:
When it comes to flying, Titan could be better than the Earth. Its atmosphere is thick but its gravity is light, which gives it a surface pressure 50 times higher than that of the Earth, with an air four times denser. Its gravity – less than that of the Moon – means that flying is easy. Our Cessna could get into the air with pedal power.
In fact, humans on Titan could fly by muscle force. A human in a hang glider could take off and navigate comfortably with oversized boots – or even take off by beating artificial wings. The energy requirements are minimal – it probably would not take more effort than walking.
Designing a drone to fly at a distance in a world where humans could take off under their own muscle power is not as difficult as achieving the same feat on Earth. The dragonfly will be an octocopter capable of surviving the loss of at least one rotor or engine. The speed of the aircraft should be about 36 km / h and can fly up to 4 km altitude at temperatures as low as 94K (-180 ° C). It uses a combination of batteries and a thermal generator of radioisotopes to provide energy. At night, the generator will recharge the batteries, which can then be used for another day's flight.
Solar energy was not an option for this mission; Titan receives only about 1% of the amount of sunlight received by the soil surface, after accounting for the combined impact of distance and its thick nitrogen atmosphere.
"Almost everyone exposed to Dragonfly has a similar thought process. The first time you see it, you think, "You must be laughing, it's crazy," said Doug Adams, mission systems engineer, said NPR Tuesday. But, he says, "finally, you realize that it is a highly executable mission".
You can see a video showing how Dragonfly will land below.
The dragonfly will have to fly autonomously; the delay between Earth and Titan is too big to allow direct remote control. The plane will not fly during the night of Titan (the night on Titan lasts about 8 days on Earth).
During these times, Dragonfly will collect and analyze samples, study seismology, monitor Titan's weather and perform local microscopic analysis using LED lamps. It will include a mass spectrometer, a gamma and neutron spectrometer, meteorological sensors and equipment as well as microscopic and panoramic cameras for imaging. The mission is to allow Dragonfly to sample materials at many different sites scattered over much larger terrain than the Martian rovers have been able to cover even after years of work.
Each NASA probe has expanded our understanding of the universe and has given us a better and larger window onto the worlds that make up our solar system. Each new generation of probes has improved and expanded the scientific capabilities of the one that preceded it. The Cassini-Huygens probe has already considerably expanded our understanding of Saturn and its moon, Titan. Now, Dragonfly can tell us if the titan chemical soup – which looks like the Earth in its infancy, though at a much lower temperature – is capable of producing life analogs or chemical processes that we can identify as part of the series of events to find out how life was born on Earth.
Even if we do not find anything biological, however, Titan is still the only other world with a liquid supported on the surface. There are hydrological systems on Earth that can only to be reflected on Titan (though via liquid methane, not water). In some ways, it's the closest thing to a mirror of our own planet that we know, and the only thing we can achieve with the current rocket technology.
Dragonfly is expected to be launched in 2026 and will arrive at Titan in 2034.
Generally, the word inappropriate does not seem to be in his vocabulary. Once, he invited one of my friends to lunch in a fancy restaurant, and she agreed, provided that he combed and wore an appropriate dress. After a good meal, I asked him if it bothered him to dance or not. (Stallman is a lover of folk dances.) "Go ahead," she says. He was walking around the tables alone, with great joy, forgetting the discomfort of the guests.
That same unconsciousness probably led to some tasteless jokes on email lists and the scribbled business card on this door of MIT, where he was until yesterday guest researcher. "Richard Stallman," he writes in Black Sharpie, "Knight for Justice."
This name card is an image of the recent medium to post Selam Jie Gano, a former MIT student, in which she demanded that he be removed from campus. Her essay is an example of the high voices of women at MIT in the post-Epstein era, and perhaps even in the world of technology. "There is not one person who deserves as much praise as his comments depreciating others should be allowed to slip," she wrote. "Especially when these comments are excuses about burbot, assault and sex trafficking involving children."
If the question was When does forgetfulness become inexcusable? Selam Jie Gano had an answer. Now especially when it goes hand in hand with a culture where, for decades, occasional sexism has not been called. Graduated from MIT last week Danah Boyd, by accepting a well-deserved award from the Electronic Frontier Foundation, discharge on his alma mater, citing years of sexual harassment, including an inappropriate comment by Minsky. The indignation is real and justified. This is the moment to amend.
And it is certainly a terrible moment for Richard Stallman to reject the pain of sexual abuse by means of a semantic argument.
Stallman keeps a log of "political notes"-The things that catch his attention, where he will post a link and often a comment. (This was the source of his previous remarks on pedophilia.) On Monday, between Sackler financial transaction articles and climate change, I slipped into a personal comment that ended an era, many Considerations: "I resign immediately from my position in CSAIL at MIT. I do so because of the pressure exerted on the MIT and myself as a result of a series of misunderstandings and misrepresentations. Later, the Free Software Foundation announced that its founder and president had also resigned from this situation.
There are tragic threads in this Stallman story. His inability to understand the harm caused by insensitivity led him to be expelled from the world he knew and loved. I'm worried about what will happen to him. But the most serious tragedy is the time required for such behavior to become disqualifying. While Stallman is solely Stallman, he was also a representative of a culture that refused to welcome women who could have led computer hacking and computer to even greater heights. Stallman is now more lonely than I found 35 years ago. But do not call it the last of its kind. More will fall as the account continues.
. (tagsToTranslate) MIT (t) mit media lab</pre></pre>
Astronomers around the world were delighted in 2017 when "Oumuamua appeared in the sky, becoming the first ever confirmed alien object to visit our solar system. Unfortunately, "Oumuamua was already coming out of the solar system before it was discovered by the Pan-STARRS observatory, and we could not capture an image. Now, astronomers have successfully taken a photo the second known interstellar visitor, called Comet C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov).
Unlike Um Oumuamua, this new object was spotted by amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov. The Minor Planet Center confirmed the attempt to discover the second extraterrestrial object, noting that Comet C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov) was in extreme hyperbolic orbit. Therefore, he has enough speed to escape the solar system. This strongly suggests that it does not come from our solar system.
The follow-up observations of comet C / 2019 T4 were more successful than expected. Astronomers using the Gemini multi-object spectrograph instrument at Gemini North Telescope in Hawaii captured the above image of our potential alien visitor. The team is prepared to image the object even before the final coordinates are available. These figures did not arrive until September 10, at 3 o'clock in the morning. The team finished their observation about two hours later. The image consists of four 60-second exposures in the R and G bands. The blue and red streaks in the background are distant stars that seem to stretch due to the comet's motion .
You may notice that everyone seems comfortable to call this object a comet. There was a lot of back and forth about what "Oumuamua was. At first, we assumed it was a comet, but there was no detectable coma. So an asteroid? Subsequent examinations confirmed the slight emanation of Oumuamua gas. Astronomers have decided that it was actually a very old comet. Comet C / 2019 Q4, on the other hand, has a very bright coma and tail caused by its proximity to the sun.
Fortunately, astronomers turned to Comet C / 2019 T4 early in the transition of our solar system. He is now close to the sun and will be closer to the Earth before sinking into the depths of space. Astronomers will be able to obtain even better images of comet C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov) in the months to come. These observations will help determine the object's orbit and confirm that it is coming well beyond our solar system. Presumably, someone too make sure it's not an alien ship skillfully disguised.
Unfortunately, the winds destroyed the freight shed and all its contents.
"This is a case of excessive optimization," says Andrew Schroeder, vice president of research and analysis for Direct relief, a world-wide humanitarian aid organization that tested drones in the event of a disaster. "We were absolutely right (in the location), and in fact that is the problem that arises."
Owned by a drone operator from the Bahamas, this standalone flyer took away a container with sensors constantly monitoring the temperature, called Softbox Skypod, during its test flights. If he had survived the storm, he would have been the first drone to embark on relief from a hurricane.
Drones have been widely used to assess the damage caused by natural disasters, carrying cameras that take pictures of roads, bridges and power lines. The next step – drones carrying vital supplies – is imminent. Hurricane Dorian and Hurricane Maria of 2017 in Puerto Rico have left a widespread devastation making distribution of aid difficult and dangerous. From here the next season of storms, drones could finally be ready to help.
The unmanned aircraft parked on Abaco belonged to Fli drone, which launched its delivery service just before the hurricane. Two former college classmates created the service with a dual purpose: offer fast delivery anything a high-end customer might need (champagne on a yacht, any?) and provide a new way to respond to natural disasters or emergencies. Even in normal times, "it is very difficult in this country to achieve satisfactory results," says Robert Sweeting, Bahamian and CEO of Hogfish Ventures, a company based in Nassau, whose company Fli Drone is a subsidiary.
Fli's drone looks like a small plane, with a wingspan of about 10 feet, but it takes off vertically like a helicopter. Fli Drone was based in the Marsh Harbor hangar – a wise choice or a bad choice, depending on your point of view. (A Category 5 hurricane did not hit The Abaco Islands in modern times.) The company also owns drones based in Nassau, but their range of 100 km is insufficient to reach the Abaco Islands by themselves. A few days after the storm, Sweeting learned that the company's employees had all survived. they were evacuated to Nassau.
Fli Drone acquires drones with a range of 300 miles for next year. "Unfortunately, we did not have a large enough fleet for Hurricane Dorian," says Arthur Frisch, technical director of Hogfish Ventures. "We have put in place a strategy to deploy our fleet of drones in the future."
The Bahamas is a Archipelago of 700 islands 100,000 square miles of ocean, which means that many small aircraft occupy the airspace. This equates to a great opportunity for drones and big obstacles in their implementation. The aviation authorities limit drone flights to avoid conflict with plans and helicopters, to protect privacy and not to create nuisance.
But four days after the Category 5 storm, the Bahamas were hit hard. British naval ship has arrived with food, water, shelter and other help. As the port was filled with debris and sand, the boat remained 12 km offshore and supplies had to be transported ashore on inflatable boats. Inland delivery has been hampered by massive destruction.
. (tagsToTranslate) hurricanes (t) natural disasters (t) disaster relief</pre></pre>