The Land Rover Range Rover Sport HSE P400e 2019 is a big hybrid SUV plug-in. A battery drives its 5500 pounds for about 25 miles before switching to a four-cylinder turbo engine, at which point the battery still provides a reserve of electrical energy in acceleration.
The HSE costs a ton, the driver's seat is not suitable for small people and a full charge takes 14 hours or more if you use a 120-volt power. But how many competing vehicles can seriously drive off-road, forcing nearly two meters of water while the occupants are sitting on massage chairs in bold leather … and Does the P400e give you access to high-occupancy vehicle lanes because it's a plug-in?
My P400e test car, in red Firenze with a contrasting black roof, was very fast. In testing, all of my 5,450 pounds were motivated to 60 mph in 6.3 seconds. On highways, the air suspension gave the P400e a comfortable ride. Four-wheel drive is standard, with a Terrain Response system and multiple off-road modes. Off-road (dirt, small rocks, no rocks), the air springs can lift the car's frame 10.9 inches above the ground. Most passenger cars and SUVs are between 6 and 8 inches. Adding nearly $ 13,000 in parcels, options and freight, the P400e at $ 79,000 was tested at $ 93,200. You will receive an estimated federal tax credit of $ 7,100.
Push hard on the throttle and the noise of the cabin increases a bit, but it was not hard. The NiMH battery located under the rear cargo floor still retains sufficient capacity to serve as a second turbocharger. And as long as the battery is powered, you can press the EV button to switch to battery-only mode, but the car will return to the combustion / hybrid mode if you want more power or save money for later.
The figures from the EPA have not yet been released. In a full day of driving in the city or suburb or during daily commutes, for example, travel 50 km (40 km). On a pair of 250 miles leading to a full charge, I arrived in my mid-twenties, and even at the end, the electric motor still managed to pass. My best effort while driving with an electric vehicle was 28 miles. Some problems: there was a night load not exceeding a distance of 15 miles, and another where I stopped during a power outage of a utility company because that was a problem. is a proposal that causes the home generator to lose money burning natural gas to charge a battery at a higher cost than burning gasoline in the engine. (Generating a kilowatt hour of electricity at home costs about 40 cents, the local electricity company sells it at 13 cents.)
I was impressed by the driving controls of the adaptive wide-range cruise control system. The buttons are big, readable, and the most important – Resume – is the largest and easiest to find after accidentally pressing the brake and want to resume the autopilot. The dual 10-inch Touch Pro Duo displays in the center stack also work well. There is a learning curve at the end of which some aspects are great: press the rubber board button on the HVAC group to adjust the temperature of the cockpit; press it again to adjust the seat cooling (counter-clockwise) and heating (clockwise). The Meridian audio with an 825-watt amp sounded excellent. Wi-Fi is integrated with telematics.
Possible Disadvantages in the Cabin: Fireside Drivers under 5 years of age, the majority of women, will want to sit in the driver's seat in the showroom to ensure that the seat cushion is not too long . While the first two rows are spacious, the load capacity is correct: 24.8 cubic feet or 56.8 cubic feet with the second row down, 2.7 cubic feet less than the other models because the battery raise the load floor by 1.8 inches.
My test car had a lot of technology. Part of it is included (the HSE in the standard naming for high specification equipment), such as air suspension. Even for a premium car, driver aids were expensive. Driver assistance, worth 4,000 USD, revolves around a warning system / assistance centering the queue, a system adaptive cruise control, and a warning / braking system in the event of a collision before, which, in the Hondas and Toyota models, are included in the base price. The support package also includes assistance for blind spots (detection is standard), parking assist cameras and panoramic view cameras. Each part worked well. With ACC and track centering enabled, you can let the car drive itself – level 2 automation – with the head lightly on the steering wheel and eyes still facing the road.
My car also had a Vision Assist pack priced at $ 1,385 combining aesthetics (ambient interior lighting), simple technology (high beam) and technology (head-up display). There was also a comfort climate pack of $ 1,635 with a heated steering wheel (for eighty basic price, it should perhaps be included, and sorry for South Florida buyers), a refrigerator in the console Central (now very convenient), a panoramic roof and four-zone HVAC. Nine stand-alone options added $ 5,885, including cooled / heated front / rear seats; quality paint on the body; a separate black finish on the roof ($ 665); and the most reasonable option at $ 135, a 120-volt AC outlet, another should-be-standard.
But if you love the AC adapter, for example, you will not need a luxury car. (That you have the unreasonable notion that every big premium SUV has access to AC power.) You should know that the sales representative will find ten thousand dollars in need. That's how the game is played and, anyway, a premium car dealership serves a nicer Keurig mug. At least Land Rover does not pay you $ 80 a year to rent Apple CarPlay like BMW. It also has Android Auto, as well as USB jacks and a satellite radio.
Jaguar-Land Rover strives to strengthen its technological and environmental presence at a time when the imperatives of energy efficiency and air purification are increasingly important around the world. , roughly in the United States. No surprises: the 5,000-pound SUVs do not get 40 mpg, not even 30, without help. The rest of the world is attacking fuel consumption by limiting CO2 emissions, thus contributing to climate change, which is generated in proportion to the amount of gasoline or diesel you burn.
So, the HSE P400e plug-in hybrid Land Rover Range Rover Sport – yes, it's a long name, 39 characters in total. The PHEV (Rechargeable Hybrid Electric Vehicle) gives the company six variants of the Range Rover Sport from 254 hp to 567 hp: two V6 turbo-gasoline engines, two supercharged V8 engines, a turbo-diesel V6, and now the plug-in 398 c. in a hybrid electric vehicle. Land Rover remains one of the last suppliers of diesel vehicles in the United States (about 30 mpg on the highway, more than 650 km).
Everyone knows that Land Rover is synonymous with vehicles that cross rocks and streams and are comfortable at polo matches. But why are there six models called Range Rover? Here is an observation guide. First, "Land Rover" is the umbrella brand, the Jaguar-Land Rover USA SUV brand. Range Rover is the prefix term for most models, Land Rover for others.
The vehicle tested here is the PHEV version of the Range Rover Sport, a mid-size SUV measuring 192 inches long; it weighs 4,755 to 5,430 pounds, with the heaviest PHEV of 285 to 695 pounds. The Range Rover Sport is 5 inches shorter than the Range Rover (197 inches) and 13 inches shorter than the Range Rover Long Wheelbase (205 inches). The Range Rover is the pinnacle of luxury and size Land Rover and costs from $ 92,000 to $ 210,000 (for the Range Rover SV Autobiography).
The Land Rover Discovery Sport (181-inch) and Discovery (196-inch, available with two or three rows of seats) models start at about $ 40,000 for Sport with a four-turbo.
The Range Rover Evoque is a compact SUV 172 inches long. it's the stylized with small windows. It will have a city car for young city-dwellers, although it has four-wheel drive. It's long in the tooth, but the second generation (photo) is coming soon as a 2020 model.
The Range Rover Velar is a compact-almost-medium at 189 inches. Velar was released in 2018 and the look says Baby Range Rover. That's two lines / five passengers only, the base engine is a turbo-four, and prices start around $ 50,000.
The return in 2020 of Land Rover Defender models: Defender 90 (170 inches, size similar to Jeep Wrangler by reference), Defender 110 (187 inches) and Defender 130 (201 inches). As for the role of Defender, think serious Off the beaten track, think "Out of Africa" (no matter if the book was published in 1937, three decades before the first Range Rover), think about Ralph Lauren's photography sessions. To be more appropriate in the 21st century, the Range Rover image is training the Red Cross in areas devastated by disasters. In fact, the Red Cross helped LR test the Defender in the United Arab Emirates, a good link between the two.
The Range Rover Sport HSE P400e 2019 is currently not very available in the United States, as the demand is so strong elsewhere, with the modest US allocation reserved for media testers, promotions, etc. Availability is improving with the upcoming arrival of the similar 2020 model. Stay a month or two.
When you pay at least $ 80,000, choosing a high-quality vehicle depends as much on your perception of the vehicle's aura as it looks on your driveway, as well as on and off the road. . There is little doubt that the Range Rover Sport is desirable, especially if you get off the road or shoot more than 5,000 pounds. This is the premium off-road benchmark. In some ways, the rarer the vehicle, the more desirable it is. The entire Land Rover line will sell approximately 100,000 vehicles this year in the United States. A comparative handle will be the P400e. As with any Range Rover, the cockpit furnishings are first class. Nobody cut corners.
You can hope that a vehicle worth a hundred thousand dollars will be solid in terms of reliability. This is not the fort of Land Rover. On the safety study of motorized vehicles JD 2019 (VDSA three-year reliability measure, Land Rover ranks 30th out of 31, ahead of only Fiat. It's not a British thing, because Mini, for a long time near the bottom, is now sixth.
Another way to look at reliability: the low-profile 2019 vehicles are reliable compared to the average car of the previous generation. The average three-year-old car has 1.4 reported problems on the VDS while the Land Rovers have 2.2. Plus, if you can afford a Land Rover, it's probably not your only car, and the dealership will give you a loan on arrival when you get to work. But still: among the key competitors, Lexus, Porsche, BMW and Audi are in the top 10 and Infiniti and Mercedes-Benz are above average, while only Lincoln, Cadillac and Volvo are below average. (For the first time in the history of VDS, every German car has been rated above average and the Porsche 911, which is not a mere vehicle, is the most reliable, certified car more reliable than the Toyota Camry or Corolla, for example.)
You may not be able to travel 31 miles on the battery – this is based on the more generous European standards – but 25 is achievable and there is always a battery reserve to improve performance. What does it do when you push the gas. First and second row passengers will all be comfortable and will have ventilated seats. The other Range Rover Sports offer three rows, but not the P400e, and the third row fits snugly in an intermediate SUV.
The contest by the end of the year for large-format compact electrified vehicles includes the $ 80,000 Porsche Cayenne E-Hybrid, the $ 70,000 Lincoln Aviator PHEV, the $ 54,000 and $ 67,000 Volvo XC60s. dollars, the price of 74,000 dollars of the Mercedes-Benz GLC350e and 74,000 dollars. Audi E-tron all electric. BMW will have X3, X5 and X7 plug-ins by 2020. Next, the best-selling EV SUV, the Tesla Model X. The purely electric Jaguar i-Pace model is our reigning Car of the year; It is a compact SUV, much more comfortable in second place than the P400e.
In the United States, some say that climate change is in doubt, but that's not to be doubted: when you drive a plug-in hybrid vehicle, you get a multi-occupant vehicle sticker for the expressway. This could be the reason for the switch to go with this Range Rover.
Mini now offers a plug-in hybrid version in its larger model, the Countryman. Like all Mini, the plug-in is a fun to drive, with large instrument clusters and toggle switches. But, oh, compromises: the small battery adds only 12 km of electric autonomy. The more electric gas range is about 270 miles. The suspension is rigid, the wheelbase is short and the driving can be agitated. The car weighs less than two tons. Our test car has cost more than $ 45,000 and the cheapest rechargeable Countrymen hybrid is in its thirties. The base prices do not include a lot of assistance to driver safety and no money will allow you to detect blind spots.
The strongest competition from Mini comes from the neighboring dealer with the blue and white propeller logo. BMW sells the Mini more or less like the BMW X1. They look very different, but they are built around the same front-drive business chassis.
PHEV Mini S E – Many stories have it like Mini SE without space – uses a 134-horsepower turbocharged three-cylinder engine (turbocharged, because otherwise you have a good driving engine) to drive the front wheels through a six-speed automatic transmission. An electric motor of 87 hp feeding a lithium-ion battery of 7.6 kWh feeds the rear. Together, they produce 221 horsepower and 284 lb-ft of torque. The EPA rated the car at 27 mpg in the city, 28 mpg on a highway, 27 mpg combining gasoline and 65 MPGe. But if you want to get 65 MPG, you'll have to hook up the car every night, and there may be times – human nature and all – you can say, maybe not tonight, I'll just pick up 12 miles of range. But with only a 9.5-gallon tank, you have a range of about 230 km for gasoline, allowing you to use 8.5-gallon fuel capacity.
The problem is that you will need a full charge of electrons on board every morning to be able to use the engine at will, as a second turbocharger. Electric motors provide maximum torque at 0 rpm, when gas engines are the weakest. Having electronic power at the rear is a way to get a full transmission without operating a drive shaft and a differential with respect to the rear axle. Toyota hybrids have been doing this for years.
When you press the accelerator, the car advances in the space of 6 to 7 seconds, depending on who is holding the stopwatch and who is hitting the accelerator. This is good. The engine offers quick getaways at the red light. It's fast around the country roads. Where this Mini falls is on the average American way. A wheelbase of only 105 inches provides rough driving on all surfaces, except for the smoothest surfaces. Repeating politics for a moment: Republicans, Democrats and independents all want better infrastructure, but they can not stop quarreling over which piggy bank to plunder to pay for the job.
The front passenger saloon is good and the saloon at the back is passable. The minis lack cup holders and storage space.
By far, the Minis are pretty much alike: they are small and look like hatchbacks. Most have sports versions (Cooper S) and serious (John Cooper Works). You can see the family resemblance dating back to the late 1950s and the original Mini Cooper designed by Sir Alec Issigonis. This first Mini around 1959 was really Mini, measuring only 120 inches long. (The smallest car in the United States today is the two-seat Smart Fortwo, 106 inches long.) The base Mini Cooper now sold is 151 inches long (two doors) or 157 inches long. inches long (four doors). The Countryman tested here measures 170 inches long, 72 inches wide and 61 inches tall. Between the two, the Mini Clubman measures 168 x 71 x 57. The Minis Coupé and Roadster models were abandoned after 2015 because they were too close to the hardtop and the Mini Cooper convertible. There was also the three-door variant of the Countryman called the Paceman; he died after 2016.
The Basic Mini Country S E All 4 Basic costs $ 37,800 (including shipping costs: $ 850) and includes a panoramic roof, sports seats and a 6.5-inch center screen. The Signature ($ 40,250) includes a touch-screen multimedia information system, heated seats, a keyless entry system, dual-zone climate control and climate control, as well as braking systems in case of collision and emergency alarm. The Iconic ($ 45,250) includes navigation, Apple CarPlay and headlamps / LED lights. Additional driver safety fees: $ 850 for Adaptive Cruise Control, Front / Rear Parking Sound and Parking Assist.
The Countryman SE All4 was created to enhance the appeal of the Mini among environmentally motivated buyers, such as motivating them with a range of 12 kilometers, as well as for buyers wishing to benefit from a tax credit ( $ 4,100) or preferred parking status in certain garages and office complexes where shippers are installed. near the main elevator or the entrance of employees. But the car also provides more power than the non-PHEV Minis and costs less than the total performance of John Cooper Works.
It lacks an adaptive damping system, which means that shocks adapt to road conditions. The absence of adaptive suspension could be a hindrance for spouses and partners who admire the appearance of your Mini, but who have learned the lessons of a trying experience, not to apply cosmetic products while the car is driving. Lipstick plus potholes more equal equals war painting.
Mini is the small high-end car in the United States. The Smart, belonging to Mercedes, is cute in Europe but is not sold here. the moment you add all the airbags and more, you pay the same as for Hyundai or Toyota with a space for four people, which most Americans value more than you can almost park two Smart cars laterally in a parallel parking space. The Honda Fit is a fabulous little car, between the Basic Cooper and the Countryman / Clubman.
What sells the Minis, it's their originality, their sportiness (real and unimagined) and their huge variety of options (most Minis are factory-ordered, not sold.) Reliability is around the average now Consumer Reports ranks 15 out of 28 brands in its 2019 reliability ranking of car brands.The competition is that of other premium compact SUVs, most of which have higher visibility and load capacity bigger.
If you're interested in the Countryman S All4, be sure to take an extended test drive and take any family member who can make your life miserable if you ignore his opinions. If you can unravel the car for the weekend, better yet.
You will probably find: 1. A cute car. 2. manages well. 3. 12 miles on battery is not much. 4. Steep ride. 5. Driver safety helps some competitors set a standard that will cost you more than $ 1,000. 6. Blind spot detection is not available. 7. A sufficient load space for two people on weekends (but there is the roof rack). Mini is an intriguing brand and carries the aura of a luxury car, it costs $ 50K (although some models do).
You may have trouble understanding the reason for such a modest range reserved for electric vehicles, even though you know that the electric motor serves to constantly improve the performance of the car. Plus, if you look at the diffuser, not just the PHEV, you may find that the turbo-three engine (other than the PHEV model examined here) is not enough, so look at the turbo-four models.
If you want everything electric, hold on tight. The purely electric Mini S E will debut this summer and (but) it focuses on sports performance and not on maximum reach. An average demonstration mini was to have a battery of 33 kWh and a range of about 110 miles with a weight of 265 pounds more than the Mini Cooper petrol engine. First deliveries to customers are expected in November.
Ford Tuesday spent very little money, about 1% of the company's total value, to buy Rivian, a promising developer of electric vans and luxury SUVs based in Michigan. This gives Ford instant credibility – at least more than it was recently – in the upper reaches of the Tesla electric vehicle. Rivian, alone, was pulling out his new vehicles at the end of 2020.
The $ 500 million buyout gives Ford the right to use the Rivian chassis to create a new Ford vehicle. Ford was one of the first proponents of electrification, but it has not kept pace with competitors in pure electric vehicles or in plug-in hybrids that consume electricity before 10 to 50 miles before the combustion engine. Amazon has already invested $ 700 million in Rivian. The Ford deal comes just after talks between GM and Rivian stop; GM wanted a monogamous relationship and Rivian has other projects.
Even before the Ford-Rivian connection, Ford had announced its intention to electrify the Ford F-150 pickup truck, the best-selling vehicle in the United States (over 800,000 sales last year). At an investor meeting after the Detroit auto show in January, Ford's vice president of sales and marketing, Jim Farley, said, "We're going to electrify the Electric and hybrid batteries of the F-series. " (And continue to build F-150 petrol and diesel.) The new Ford electric vehicle, unspecified, will pick up the design of the Rivian skateboard, ie the drivetrain and batteries resting. on a low module; then the cockpit goes to that. Ford will design and produce the vehicle.
In addition, Rivian used the F-150 truck chassis as the first development mules to test batteries and engines. This seems to be outside of what Ford will do to electrify the F-150.
Rivian is considered by American builders as a "normal" company. Founded in 2009, the company is headquartered in Michigan and headquartered in Plymouth. Many of his employees have worked at the Big Three Builders, including people who know how to run a production line is supposed to be running – regardless of its founder, RJ Scaringe grew up in Florida and went to Rensselaer and MIT rather than in Michigan or Purdue. Rivian also has operations in Irvine and San Jose, California, at Normal, IL (production site).
Since last year, Rivian presents the concepts of its two original products: the R1T "electric adventure" pickup truck and the seven-passenger R1S SUV. They are life-size vehicles. Depending on the size of the battery, they can travel up to 400 km. This is important because a pickup truck is more of a suburban or rural vehicle, driven away from public charging stations.
The current involvement of Ford Motor Company in the electrification – if you measure the number of vehicles available for sale – is moderate in 2019. Only three of the 43 electric vehicles or PHEV models sold last year were Ford. The new mid-size Lincoln Aviator SUV, 2020, will receive a hybrid plug-in version, although it is not listed in the company's current worksheets to order. The compact Ford Escape SUV and its brother Lincoln Corsair will offer variants of plug-in. Ford is also building a hybrid Ford Fusion, although the Fusion is losing production. One of Ford's big problems lies in the very good sedans, especially the Fusion, that buyers do not buy. GM has the same problem. Both go beyond the problem by selling more than half a million vans a year.
Ford found a middle ground to work with Rivian while GM could not. Rivian intends to be both a developer of its own vehicles and a technology supplier to other automakers. For years, Porsche has earned more money by doing design and consulting work for third parties. The Rivian rules for an agreement were twofold: do not compete directly with the vehicles we are developing (six d & # 39; here 2025, says Rivian) and do not tell us that we can only do business with you. GM wanted monogamy and walked. Ford has reached an agreement.
The big challenge for Ford – as for all automakers – is the current demand for electrified trucks. Rounded to the nearest whole, it's zero.
This could well change with rising fuel prices, a long-term shortage of hydrocarbons or, more likely, growing concern about climate change. Selling electrified SUVs is less tedious. And the same goes for hybrid plug-in microphones and SUVs. EV purists make fun of plug-in hybrids. But in the meantime, until there are more than 200,000 electric vehicle chargers in the country, plug-ins also make sense. Rivian can help with the EV part. Ford will have to do the PHEV game alone.
Did anyone know that it was going to be so bad? Tesla sales fell 61% in the US in the first quarter, 31% worldwide compared to the last three months of 2018. Tesla EV sales are not the only ones to be weak. Someone forgot to tell US buyers that electric vehicles were the future, fewer than 10,000 non-Tesla electric vehicles were sold here from January to March. Whenever a non-Tesla EV is sold, 405 other new cars come out before buying the next non-Tesla EV.
In the first quarter, approximately 39,700 EVs were sold in the US: 29,900 by Tesla and 9,800 by 11 other brands. Add 21,500 plug-in hybrids such as the Toyota Prius Prime or Honda Clarity PHEV for a total of 61,700 rechargeable electric vehicles sold, or 1.5% of sales in the United States.
All this raises problems for Tesla. As analysts, reporters and Twitter account holders have repeatedly said, Tesla continues to move forward. But this is not just your usual week of Tesla drama. This is the worst sales decline in Tesla's history. In total, 63,000 Tesla have been delivered worldwide, including 51,000 Model 3 Tesla. It was the first time in two years that Tesla was compared to the previous quarter and it was the worst. Analysts were expecting Tesla's factories to no longer produce, and Tesla to provide vehicles before Teslas' $ 7,500 maximum tax credit disappears, replaced on January 1, 2019 by USD 3,750. A credit that disappears at the beginning of 2020.
Tesla also said that due to logistics related to increased sales and international deliveries, a large number of vehicles ordered were in transit, including 10,600 according to Tesla's account. Although Tesla has already used the argument of vehicles in transit. This may lead you to wonder: when you order a 16 ounce Jamba juice, does it count as a smoothie in the straw?
The day after the announcement of Tesla's results, its shares fell by 8% and lost $ 17 billion in market capitalization or total value. But it was also a day when Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk ended up in federal court with the Securities and Exchange Commission in New York for talking about Twitter without getting approval from at least one responsible adult. Musk seems to be in court almost as often as poor Nissan's Carlos Ghosn (somehow) ends up being arrested again in Japan. At least Ghosn receives frequent visit points and free Wi-Fi for every stay.
Tesla is not the only company in the electrified sector, it is just the majority player: 191,000 last year for Tesla, 170,000 for each other manufacturer of electric and hybrid vehicles. The Tesla Model 3, besides the non-Tesla best-sellers, the Chevrolet Bolt and the Nissan Leaf, by 8-1 and 9-1 last year. If you consider Tesla as a car and not as an electric vehicle, the Tesla 3 model was the best-selling vehicle with $ 140.00 sold last year in the United States, versus 112,000 for the Lexus RX and about 2- 1 compared to the Audi. Q5, Acura RDX, Lexus NX, BMW X3, Cadillac XT5 and Mercedes-Benz C Class.
Although battery electric vehicles do most of the advertising, there are significant sales in the field of plug-in hybrid vehicles that travel up to 50 kilometers on battery – most are between 20 and 30 miles – before the combustion engine does not start. EV fanatics do not care about plug-ins, saying that they are not a long-term solution. But, as for the next decade, they make a lot of sense until the public charging infrastructure gets bigger and the power density of the battery doubles.
For the average driver, the PHEV battery allows you to work every day, even at home. When you go on longer trips, the PHEV behaves like a classic car – more like a classic hybrid, because the battery always regenerates its power when braking or downhill.
We are always surprised that Chevrolet abandoned the Chevrolet Volt PHEV when it was among the PHEV sales leaders, third last year and even third this year, as an orphan. Production ended in February.
Among electric vehicles, Tesla has a stranglehold on sales. Among the PHEVs, there is no one who has a slowing market share. Sales are split more evenly between 18 brands and about 30 models. BMW has the most models, six, plus a Mini. Mercedes-Benz has five plug-ins and a Smart EV. Of the US-flagged traditional companies, only the Cadillac, Chevrolet (as far as Volt stocks) and Chrysler brands own VHEP.
As Tesla moves downward – as with Model 3 at $ 35,000 – competition will multiply. To the Geneva Motor Show In March, Volkswagen's SEAT subsidiary introduced an affordable concept-car-SUV, the Seat EL-Born. This is important because it is based on the first cars based on the modular VW MEB (which stands for Modularer E-Antriebs-Baukasten, or modular platform with electric drive, or model).
The EL-Born is more important because of the rumors that the EV would cost only the equivalent of one dollar, or $ 22,400. This is not until 2023; Seat does not sell in the United States and this most likely incorporates Moore's law-style savings from here. But still: it's not expensive. Could it be too cheap? It was noted that the typical internal gasoline engine costs about $ 3,000. A base battery of 60 kWh costs at least twice as much and a battery of this size can travel about 200 km.
The price announced by Seat El-Born, announced for the first time by the Financial Times, will be the way the Volkswagen Group will reach its goal of selling 1 million annual electric vehicles by 2025. Even though the price seems difficult to reach in four years, gives Tesla a little competition. Although, for the moment, SEAT is more like a competition for consumer electric vehicles such as Nissan Leaf or Chevrolet Bolt EV.
Top-of-the-line automakers are more interested in the mid-size (193-inch) Audi e-tron SUV; the first US deliveries arrive in May. It has a range of 204 km – adequate, if not similar to that of Tesla – and a charging speed of 150 kW, the fastest in the industry so far. . According to Audi, ten minutes past a public charging station add 54 km, and 30 minutes, a range of 163 km. The prize will be around $ 75,000, which will put him in league with the Tesla Model X and Jaguar i-Pace.
President Trump wants to end the federal tax credit of up to $ 7,500 on new electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids, saving $ 4.5 billion over the decade. This is in a budget that plans to spend $ 4700 billion in fiscal year 2020, or $ 14,000 per US resident. Trump's proposal can not do much.
Most of the auto sector wants the tax credits to be maintained. Tesla and General Motors not only want the tax credit to be maintained, but also want it extended to more than 200,000 vehicles. By the most astonishing coincidence, Tesla and GM are also the only ones to have benefited from their 200,000 tax credit allowance of $ 7,500 and are in the one-year phase-down phase that provides partial credits. There is no doubt about the credits that have created a comparative handful of electric vehicle sales. Last year, electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids accounted for about 2% of the market and traditional hybrids, 2%.
The budget presented by the President is a proposal. The Congress is the branch of government responsible for debate and budgeting. Requests or requests from the Chair may be considered as notices. When the House and Senate were in the hands of the 2018-2019 Republicans, they systematically ignored his demands. The House is now in the hands of the Democrats.
Trump also proposed to terminate the state-of-the-art technology vehicle loan program and some other Ministry of Energy programs, "costly, useless or duplicative". Whether they are or not, they are scattered across many states, which means lawmakers are fond of programs: in Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, New York and Ohio for Ford; in Tennessee for Nissan to build advanced batteries and assemble the EV Leaf; and in California for Tesla to expand its Fremont manufacturing facility. In his budget proposal, Trump said: "The private sector is better placed to finance the deployment of commercially viable projects."
The tax credit works as follows:
4 kWh, $ 2,500 potential tax credit
5 kWh, $ 2,917 ($ 2,500 plus $ 417)
6 kWh, $ 3,334
7 kWh, $ 3,751
8 kWh, $ 4,168
9 kWh, $ 4,585
10 kWh, $ 5,002
11 kWh, $ 5,419
12 kWh, $ 5,836
13 kWh, $ 6,253
14 kWh, $ 6,670
15 kWh, $ 7,087
16 kWh, $ 7,500
To obtain the tax credit, the purchaser had to pay taxes and earn enough to owe $ 7,500 in federal taxes in the year in which the tax was paid (taxes due for the whole year and not for the balance due on April 15th). If you owed $ 4,500, your tax credit was $ 4,500. If you did not pay taxes, you could read the car, the title holder got the credit and the $ 7,500 was (should be) paid as the lower rental rate.
Critics of tax credits say they want to see businesses on their own. Some of them simply do not like electric vehicles and do not see the subsidies given to electric vehicles today as a hedging bet against the problems associated with climate change, nowadays. and in the future. Some have argued more clearly that Tesla's buyers in the Silicon Valley's golden regions of California, or in the greater New York metropolitan area, probably did not need a credit tip. $ 7,500 tax in favor of the purchase of an electric vehicle.
In the United States, if you are a large corporation, you must collect a tax to be able to change state, to stay in your current state, to add jobs or to install pollution control equipment without which you Do not get in trouble with the government. Some New Yorkers helped hunt Amazon out of New York, claiming that creating 25,000 high-paying jobs was bad for the city (these people would increase the cost of real estate and other costs of living). It is interesting to note that the credits for the Hudson Yards commercial and residential complex, just west of Pennsylvania Station, were double what Amazon would have earned: $ 6 billion versus $ 3 billion.