The Land Rover Range Rover Sport HSE P400e 2019 is a big hybrid SUV plug-in. A battery drives its 5500 pounds for about 25 miles before switching to a four-cylinder turbo engine, at which point the battery still provides a reserve of electrical energy in acceleration.
The HSE costs a ton, the driver's seat is not suitable for small people and a full charge takes 14 hours or more if you use a 120-volt power. But how many competing vehicles can seriously drive off-road, forcing nearly two meters of water while the occupants are sitting on massage chairs in bold leather … and Does the P400e give you access to high-occupancy vehicle lanes because it's a plug-in?
My P400e test car, in red Firenze with a contrasting black roof, was very fast. In testing, all of my 5,450 pounds were motivated to 60 mph in 6.3 seconds. On highways, the air suspension gave the P400e a comfortable ride. Four-wheel drive is standard, with a Terrain Response system and multiple off-road modes. Off-road (dirt, small rocks, no rocks), the air springs can lift the car's frame 10.9 inches above the ground. Most passenger cars and SUVs are between 6 and 8 inches. Adding nearly $ 13,000 in parcels, options and freight, the P400e at $ 79,000 was tested at $ 93,200. You will receive an estimated federal tax credit of $ 7,100.
Push hard on the throttle and the noise of the cabin increases a bit, but it was not hard. The NiMH battery located under the rear cargo floor still retains sufficient capacity to serve as a second turbocharger. And as long as the battery is powered, you can press the EV button to switch to battery-only mode, but the car will return to the combustion / hybrid mode if you want more power or save money for later.
The figures from the EPA have not yet been released. In a full day of driving in the city or suburb or during daily commutes, for example, travel 50 km (40 km). On a pair of 250 miles leading to a full charge, I arrived in my mid-twenties, and even at the end, the electric motor still managed to pass. My best effort while driving with an electric vehicle was 28 miles. Some problems: there was a night load not exceeding a distance of 15 miles, and another where I stopped during a power outage of a utility company because that was a problem. is a proposal that causes the home generator to lose money burning natural gas to charge a battery at a higher cost than burning gasoline in the engine. (Generating a kilowatt hour of electricity at home costs about 40 cents, the local electricity company sells it at 13 cents.)
I was impressed by the driving controls of the adaptive wide-range cruise control system. The buttons are big, readable, and the most important – Resume – is the largest and easiest to find after accidentally pressing the brake and want to resume the autopilot. The dual 10-inch Touch Pro Duo displays in the center stack also work well. There is a learning curve at the end of which some aspects are great: press the rubber board button on the HVAC group to adjust the temperature of the cockpit; press it again to adjust the seat cooling (counter-clockwise) and heating (clockwise). The Meridian audio with an 825-watt amp sounded excellent. Wi-Fi is integrated with telematics.
Possible Disadvantages in the Cabin: Fireside Drivers under 5 years of age, the majority of women, will want to sit in the driver's seat in the showroom to ensure that the seat cushion is not too long . While the first two rows are spacious, the load capacity is correct: 24.8 cubic feet or 56.8 cubic feet with the second row down, 2.7 cubic feet less than the other models because the battery raise the load floor by 1.8 inches.
My test car had a lot of technology. Part of it is included (the HSE in the standard naming for high specification equipment), such as air suspension. Even for a premium car, driver aids were expensive. Driver assistance, worth 4,000 USD, revolves around a warning system / assistance centering the queue, a system adaptive cruise control, and a warning / braking system in the event of a collision before, which, in the Hondas and Toyota models, are included in the base price. The support package also includes assistance for blind spots (detection is standard), parking assist cameras and panoramic view cameras. Each part worked well. With ACC and track centering enabled, you can let the car drive itself – level 2 automation – with the head lightly on the steering wheel and eyes still facing the road.
My car also had a Vision Assist pack priced at $ 1,385 combining aesthetics (ambient interior lighting), simple technology (high beam) and technology (head-up display). There was also a comfort climate pack of $ 1,635 with a heated steering wheel (for eighty basic price, it should perhaps be included, and sorry for South Florida buyers), a refrigerator in the console Central (now very convenient), a panoramic roof and four-zone HVAC. Nine stand-alone options added $ 5,885, including cooled / heated front / rear seats; quality paint on the body; a separate black finish on the roof ($ 665); and the most reasonable option at $ 135, a 120-volt AC outlet, another should-be-standard.
But if you love the AC adapter, for example, you will not need a luxury car. (That you have the unreasonable notion that every big premium SUV has access to AC power.) You should know that the sales representative will find ten thousand dollars in need. That's how the game is played and, anyway, a premium car dealership serves a nicer Keurig mug. At least Land Rover does not pay you $ 80 a year to rent Apple CarPlay like BMW. It also has Android Auto, as well as USB jacks and a satellite radio.
Jaguar-Land Rover strives to strengthen its technological and environmental presence at a time when the imperatives of energy efficiency and air purification are increasingly important around the world. , roughly in the United States. No surprises: the 5,000-pound SUVs do not get 40 mpg, not even 30, without help. The rest of the world is attacking fuel consumption by limiting CO2 emissions, thus contributing to climate change, which is generated in proportion to the amount of gasoline or diesel you burn.
So, the HSE P400e plug-in hybrid Land Rover Range Rover Sport – yes, it's a long name, 39 characters in total. The PHEV (Rechargeable Hybrid Electric Vehicle) gives the company six variants of the Range Rover Sport from 254 hp to 567 hp: two V6 turbo-gasoline engines, two supercharged V8 engines, a turbo-diesel V6, and now the plug-in 398 c. in a hybrid electric vehicle. Land Rover remains one of the last suppliers of diesel vehicles in the United States (about 30 mpg on the highway, more than 650 km).
Everyone knows that Land Rover is synonymous with vehicles that cross rocks and streams and are comfortable at polo matches. But why are there six models called Range Rover? Here is an observation guide. First, "Land Rover" is the umbrella brand, the Jaguar-Land Rover USA SUV brand. Range Rover is the prefix term for most models, Land Rover for others.
The vehicle tested here is the PHEV version of the Range Rover Sport, a mid-size SUV measuring 192 inches long; it weighs 4,755 to 5,430 pounds, with the heaviest PHEV of 285 to 695 pounds. The Range Rover Sport is 5 inches shorter than the Range Rover (197 inches) and 13 inches shorter than the Range Rover Long Wheelbase (205 inches). The Range Rover is the pinnacle of luxury and size Land Rover and costs from $ 92,000 to $ 210,000 (for the Range Rover SV Autobiography).
The Land Rover Discovery Sport (181-inch) and Discovery (196-inch, available with two or three rows of seats) models start at about $ 40,000 for Sport with a four-turbo.
The Range Rover Evoque is a compact SUV 172 inches long. it's the stylized with small windows. It will have a city car for young city-dwellers, although it has four-wheel drive. It's long in the tooth, but the second generation (photo) is coming soon as a 2020 model.
The Range Rover Velar is a compact-almost-medium at 189 inches. Velar was released in 2018 and the look says Baby Range Rover. That's two lines / five passengers only, the base engine is a turbo-four, and prices start around $ 50,000.
The return in 2020 of Land Rover Defender models: Defender 90 (170 inches, size similar to Jeep Wrangler by reference), Defender 110 (187 inches) and Defender 130 (201 inches). As for the role of Defender, think serious Off the beaten track, think "Out of Africa" (no matter if the book was published in 1937, three decades before the first Range Rover), think about Ralph Lauren's photography sessions. To be more appropriate in the 21st century, the Range Rover image is training the Red Cross in areas devastated by disasters. In fact, the Red Cross helped LR test the Defender in the United Arab Emirates, a good link between the two.
The Range Rover Sport HSE P400e 2019 is currently not very available in the United States, as the demand is so strong elsewhere, with the modest US allocation reserved for media testers, promotions, etc. Availability is improving with the upcoming arrival of the similar 2020 model. Stay a month or two.
When you pay at least $ 80,000, choosing a high-quality vehicle depends as much on your perception of the vehicle's aura as it looks on your driveway, as well as on and off the road. . There is little doubt that the Range Rover Sport is desirable, especially if you get off the road or shoot more than 5,000 pounds. This is the premium off-road benchmark. In some ways, the rarer the vehicle, the more desirable it is. The entire Land Rover line will sell approximately 100,000 vehicles this year in the United States. A comparative handle will be the P400e. As with any Range Rover, the cockpit furnishings are first class. Nobody cut corners.
You can hope that a vehicle worth a hundred thousand dollars will be solid in terms of reliability. This is not the fort of Land Rover. On the safety study of motorized vehicles JD 2019 (VDSA three-year reliability measure, Land Rover ranks 30th out of 31, ahead of only Fiat. It's not a British thing, because Mini, for a long time near the bottom, is now sixth.
Another way to look at reliability: the low-profile 2019 vehicles are reliable compared to the average car of the previous generation. The average three-year-old car has 1.4 reported problems on the VDS while the Land Rovers have 2.2. Plus, if you can afford a Land Rover, it's probably not your only car, and the dealership will give you a loan on arrival when you get to work. But still: among the key competitors, Lexus, Porsche, BMW and Audi are in the top 10 and Infiniti and Mercedes-Benz are above average, while only Lincoln, Cadillac and Volvo are below average. (For the first time in the history of VDS, every German car has been rated above average and the Porsche 911, which is not a mere vehicle, is the most reliable, certified car more reliable than the Toyota Camry or Corolla, for example.)
You may not be able to travel 31 miles on the battery – this is based on the more generous European standards – but 25 is achievable and there is always a battery reserve to improve performance. What does it do when you push the gas. First and second row passengers will all be comfortable and will have ventilated seats. The other Range Rover Sports offer three rows, but not the P400e, and the third row fits snugly in an intermediate SUV.
The contest by the end of the year for large-format compact electrified vehicles includes the $ 80,000 Porsche Cayenne E-Hybrid, the $ 70,000 Lincoln Aviator PHEV, the $ 54,000 and $ 67,000 Volvo XC60s. dollars, the price of 74,000 dollars of the Mercedes-Benz GLC350e and 74,000 dollars. Audi E-tron all electric. BMW will have X3, X5 and X7 plug-ins by 2020. Next, the best-selling EV SUV, the Tesla Model X. The purely electric Jaguar i-Pace model is our reigning Car of the year; It is a compact SUV, much more comfortable in second place than the P400e.
In the United States, some say that climate change is in doubt, but that's not to be doubted: when you drive a plug-in hybrid vehicle, you get a multi-occupant vehicle sticker for the expressway. This could be the reason for the switch to go with this Range Rover.
The Mini Cooper SE 2020 targets urban performance beyond the exurban beach. And the performance is exceptional. The life of the battery will be better suited to urban / suburban driving than treks on vacation. According to Mr Mini, the SE will travel between 235 and 270 km on the basis of tests conducted in Europe. Some reports say that the EPA range will be as low as € 114,000 per charge, while pricing in the US should start between $ 35,000 and $ 38,000 based on European pricing, although conversions from the euro to dollars can be simplistic.
Some drawbacks relate to the origin of the car: The three-door hatchback body is based on a Mini design dating back to 2014. The powertrain is based on the first-generation BMW i3, which dates back to 2013. Upgraded in both next years, and the electric Mini should follow.
Mini took advantage of the occasion of the Formula E race in Brooklyn to invite a dozen writers and automotive writers to try the new car on the 1.5 mile track. (Once the professionals have finished the race for the day.) Flat driving was not possible on a narrow track. What was clear was how fast the car was accelerating at speeds such as the one you felt when you racked up steam when you entered a freeway ramp or when you turned to a red light that had turned yellow. There is very little inclination even at the 180 degree turn of the track.
More importantly, when you press a console button for maximum regeneration, the resistance provided by the generator charging the battery effectively takes over braking tasks. Driving in a very close wave of five similar Minis, the release of the throttle immediately dramatically slowed my car down for the next turn. It was enough for me to brake the brakes several times on a 15 lap track, usually when the pre-collision warning indicator was flashing on the head-up display. (The PCS warning provides sufficient notice.)
If you have already practiced karting, you feel the same feeling of a pedal: as soon as you release the throttle, you brake. If you do not have kite, it's like being on a riding mower when you lift it. (If you have not been on the mower yet, well, it's exciting for 15 minutes.) For drivers who find that maximum regeneration is disturbing, at least in the beginning, you can operate the switch for a more minimal braking regeneration.
To complement the urban sporting experience, Mini offered night tours during the weekend race. In this case, the cars were driven by professionals of the company, because it was difficult enough to drink at 18 hours without drinking (the FIA race sponsor has a 0 alcohol rule, 0% for all those who go on the track) and impossible to do it. arrive at 22 hours without a cocktail or two.
In Brooklyn and Manhattan, where there were a lot of people, it was an ideal car to move at night, many times, with zero emissions. This is a good car for two, although this two-door has seat belts for five. At 152 inches long (over 12 feet), it's easy to find openings in traffic and then on the sidewalk.
The Mini Cooper SE (American name) / Mini Electric (European name) is a front-drive car with front drive. The 32.6 kWh lithium-ion battery forms a T that sits between the front seats and under the rear seats. The electric motor has a nominal power of 135 kW or 181 US and 270 Nm (199 lb-ft). This is a graft of the BMW i3 carbon fiber urban vehicle, or Mini, "The drive technology comes from the BMW Group's competence centers for electromobility in Dingolfing and Landshut (Germany). ). " The production is in Oxford, England. .
The battery / engine combination is suitable for 7.3 seconds strokes at 0-100 km / h (0 to 62 mph). It feels particularly strong at 30 mph. The low position of the battery packs lowers the center of gravity of the car by 30 mm (1.2 inches). You will have to work to roll this Mini. It weighs 1,365 kg (3,010 pounds), or 145 kg (320 pounds) more than the Cooper S gasoline engine with automatic transmission. The maximum speed is 93 mph. Charging is possible from a 12-volt outlet, a wall-mounted AC charger or a public charging station, including the 50 kW DC fast charge. At 50 kW, you get 80% charge in 35 minutes.
Electronic components include Apple CarPlay, a 5.5-inch multi-information display in the dashboard, and a 6.5-inch LCD screen forming a large circle at the top center of the stack.
The car is shipped to the United States for a year and a half. But judgments are being formed. Some of the early press reports / analysts say that it would cost a lot of money for a car traveling only 114 km in the United States. (Ed Kim, an analyst at AutoPacific, says it's a good price / performance ratio for the EV 2015). Prices in the United States should be in the mid-thirties for a Mini. This is a bit better value for money at 140-150 miles (European WLPT rating). BMW executives said they did not want to impose a higher price on the Mini Cooper SE. Our US starting price estimate of $ 35,000 to $ 39,000 is a simple conversion of the British price of £ 27,900 or European price of £ 34,400. There will be three cut lines: Signature, Signature Plus and Iconic.
At a press conference held in Brooklyn last weekend, Pieter Note, a member of BMW's board of directors for brand-name sales, was mistreated by his half, who said that A short-range EV was more of an urban than suburban car, yet most urban areas, especially New York City, have a limited number of loading stations. (BMW and Mini have a relationship with the ChargePoint network.) And, according to the writers and editors living in the Big Apple, when you go to a garage that claims to offer charging electric vehicles, it may that he is not the type to work properly. , or there is no free loading space. This is not a BMW-Mini problem, however.
The real problem of BMW Mini lies in the future of Mini: it is primarily a brand of sedans / coupes at a time when SUV dominate. The electrification could boost sales of Mini, which peaked at 66,502 in the US in 2013 and which had led Mini to say that they would sell 100,000 vehicles a year by 2020. Instead, they are only 43,684 last year and could be only 36,000 this year. , based on cumulative sales of less than 18,000 in June. Mini's problems may be one of the reasons why President Harald Krueger chose not to seek an extension of his contract, which will expire next year.
Our interpretation is that the range – say 140 km – is a little disappointing in terms of price. But Mini needed to put an EV on the market. His prototype, released in 2008, was made available to 400 enthusiasts and had a lot of time to digest their comments. (One of them was that they did not like replacing the backseat, which shows how much technology has come in. Now, the back seat is back.) That should have already been. We assume that the Mini Cooper SE will remain in service for 2-3 years, then we will see a significantly improved version using the new BMW-Mini technology. BMW will ship the iX3 – an electric X3 battery – in about a year, with a 300 hp engine and a battery that can travel 250 miles with a charge. The next electric mini will probably use a smaller version of this engine.
Meanwhile, for the price of what the Mini Cooper is likely to cost, you can get Tesla Model 3, Kira Niro EV, Chevrolet Bolt or Nissan Leaf Plus with 226 to 258 miles or range. Only the Tesla corresponds to Mini as a perceived luxury brand, which may justify some of the prices. Or for $ 30,000, you could get a 150-mile Nissan Leaf. Mini must rely on the pleasure factor to seduce buyers. Whether: fun and fast.
Mini now offers a plug-in hybrid version in its larger model, the Countryman. Like all Mini, the plug-in is a fun to drive, with large instrument clusters and toggle switches. But, oh, compromises: the small battery adds only 12 km of electric autonomy. The more electric gas range is about 270 miles. The suspension is rigid, the wheelbase is short and the driving can be agitated. The car weighs less than two tons. Our test car has cost more than $ 45,000 and the cheapest rechargeable Countrymen hybrid is in its thirties. The base prices do not include a lot of assistance to driver safety and no money will allow you to detect blind spots.
The strongest competition from Mini comes from the neighboring dealer with the blue and white propeller logo. BMW sells the Mini more or less like the BMW X1. They look very different, but they are built around the same front-drive business chassis.
PHEV Mini S E – Many stories have it like Mini SE without space – uses a 134-horsepower turbocharged three-cylinder engine (turbocharged, because otherwise you have a good driving engine) to drive the front wheels through a six-speed automatic transmission. An electric motor of 87 hp feeding a lithium-ion battery of 7.6 kWh feeds the rear. Together, they produce 221 horsepower and 284 lb-ft of torque. The EPA rated the car at 27 mpg in the city, 28 mpg on a highway, 27 mpg combining gasoline and 65 MPGe. But if you want to get 65 MPG, you'll have to hook up the car every night, and there may be times – human nature and all – you can say, maybe not tonight, I'll just pick up 12 miles of range. But with only a 9.5-gallon tank, you have a range of about 230 km for gasoline, allowing you to use 8.5-gallon fuel capacity.
The problem is that you will need a full charge of electrons on board every morning to be able to use the engine at will, as a second turbocharger. Electric motors provide maximum torque at 0 rpm, when gas engines are the weakest. Having electronic power at the rear is a way to get a full transmission without operating a drive shaft and a differential with respect to the rear axle. Toyota hybrids have been doing this for years.
When you press the accelerator, the car advances in the space of 6 to 7 seconds, depending on who is holding the stopwatch and who is hitting the accelerator. This is good. The engine offers quick getaways at the red light. It's fast around the country roads. Where this Mini falls is on the average American way. A wheelbase of only 105 inches provides rough driving on all surfaces, except for the smoothest surfaces. Repeating politics for a moment: Republicans, Democrats and independents all want better infrastructure, but they can not stop quarreling over which piggy bank to plunder to pay for the job.
The front passenger saloon is good and the saloon at the back is passable. The minis lack cup holders and storage space.
By far, the Minis are pretty much alike: they are small and look like hatchbacks. Most have sports versions (Cooper S) and serious (John Cooper Works). You can see the family resemblance dating back to the late 1950s and the original Mini Cooper designed by Sir Alec Issigonis. This first Mini around 1959 was really Mini, measuring only 120 inches long. (The smallest car in the United States today is the two-seat Smart Fortwo, 106 inches long.) The base Mini Cooper now sold is 151 inches long (two doors) or 157 inches long. inches long (four doors). The Countryman tested here measures 170 inches long, 72 inches wide and 61 inches tall. Between the two, the Mini Clubman measures 168 x 71 x 57. The Minis Coupé and Roadster models were abandoned after 2015 because they were too close to the hardtop and the Mini Cooper convertible. There was also the three-door variant of the Countryman called the Paceman; he died after 2016.
The Basic Mini Country S E All 4 Basic costs $ 37,800 (including shipping costs: $ 850) and includes a panoramic roof, sports seats and a 6.5-inch center screen. The Signature ($ 40,250) includes a touch-screen multimedia information system, heated seats, a keyless entry system, dual-zone climate control and climate control, as well as braking systems in case of collision and emergency alarm. The Iconic ($ 45,250) includes navigation, Apple CarPlay and headlamps / LED lights. Additional driver safety fees: $ 850 for Adaptive Cruise Control, Front / Rear Parking Sound and Parking Assist.
The Countryman SE All4 was created to enhance the appeal of the Mini among environmentally motivated buyers, such as motivating them with a range of 12 kilometers, as well as for buyers wishing to benefit from a tax credit ( $ 4,100) or preferred parking status in certain garages and office complexes where shippers are installed. near the main elevator or the entrance of employees. But the car also provides more power than the non-PHEV Minis and costs less than the total performance of John Cooper Works.
It lacks an adaptive damping system, which means that shocks adapt to road conditions. The absence of adaptive suspension could be a hindrance for spouses and partners who admire the appearance of your Mini, but who have learned the lessons of a trying experience, not to apply cosmetic products while the car is driving. Lipstick plus potholes more equal equals war painting.
Mini is the small high-end car in the United States. The Smart, belonging to Mercedes, is cute in Europe but is not sold here. the moment you add all the airbags and more, you pay the same as for Hyundai or Toyota with a space for four people, which most Americans value more than you can almost park two Smart cars laterally in a parallel parking space. The Honda Fit is a fabulous little car, between the Basic Cooper and the Countryman / Clubman.
What sells the Minis, it's their originality, their sportiness (real and unimagined) and their huge variety of options (most Minis are factory-ordered, not sold.) Reliability is around the average now Consumer Reports ranks 15 out of 28 brands in its 2019 reliability ranking of car brands.The competition is that of other premium compact SUVs, most of which have higher visibility and load capacity bigger.
If you're interested in the Countryman S All4, be sure to take an extended test drive and take any family member who can make your life miserable if you ignore his opinions. If you can unravel the car for the weekend, better yet.
You will probably find: 1. A cute car. 2. manages well. 3. 12 miles on battery is not much. 4. Steep ride. 5. Driver safety helps some competitors set a standard that will cost you more than $ 1,000. 6. Blind spot detection is not available. 7. A sufficient load space for two people on weekends (but there is the roof rack). Mini is an intriguing brand and carries the aura of a luxury car, it costs $ 50K (although some models do).
You may have trouble understanding the reason for such a modest range reserved for electric vehicles, even though you know that the electric motor serves to constantly improve the performance of the car. Plus, if you look at the diffuser, not just the PHEV, you may find that the turbo-three engine (other than the PHEV model examined here) is not enough, so look at the turbo-four models.
If you want everything electric, hold on tight. The purely electric Mini S E will debut this summer and (but) it focuses on sports performance and not on maximum reach. An average demonstration mini was to have a battery of 33 kWh and a range of about 110 miles with a weight of 265 pounds more than the Mini Cooper petrol engine. First deliveries to customers are expected in November.
The title of Tesla is approaching half of its record level of 2017. It is down more than half of the $ 420 valuation of Elon Musk's action last fall, suggesting that Tesla would achieve his goal if he took the company behind closed doors. (No, you can not predict such things without disturbing the SEC.) Tesla has had ups and downs. Long-term investors have been rewarded for the most part. But now?
No one says that Tesla makes a face or, more specifically, that you will not be able to buy the only EV that counts. (In the spirit of Tesla 's purists.) But Tesla now travels unknown roads. The biggest problem that Tesla will face could be if China wanted to buy as many Teslas. Meanwhile, Tesla eliminated a few thousand people from the S and X model price list. Then, Consumer Reports issued a safety warning about the Tesla autopilot's lane change functions.
Let's take a look at Tesla's key problems this week: another autopilot safety issue, the Tesla car situation, the stock price and the market outside the United States, especially China.
Wednesday, Consumer Reports said"The latest version of Tesla's automatic lane change feature is far less competent than a human driver." According to Jake Fisher, Senior Director of Consumer Reports' automatic tests, "(L), the system makes things easier, but the human needs to intervene when things get complicated."
With the current release of Autopilot software, released April 3, automatic lane changes are now part of the enhanced autopilot or autonomous driving capability. The latter, despite his name, is not totally autonomous. The Consumer Reports test drivers had mixed impressions:
In early May, our Model 3 received a software update that allowed Navigate on Autopilot to make automatic changes without the need for driver confirmation. We turned on this feature and traveled several Connecticut highways. During the process, many controllers reported that the Tesla often changed lanes in such a way as to prevent a cautious human driver from being too close to other cars, and going right. (We could not help to add importance here.) Ed.)
In practice we found that Navigate on Autopilot was very late on the skills of a driver: the function cut cars without leaving enough space and even passed on cars in a manner that violated state laws, according to several representatives of law enforcement agencies interviewed by CR for this report. . As a result, the driver often had to prevent the system from making bad decisions.
Tesla's comment did not seem to directly address CR's concerns: "Navigating Autopilot is based on map data, fleet data, and data from the vehicle's sensors, but it's up to the driver to stay in control of the vehicle. the car at all times, including making safe lane changes. "
Tesla's production and sales figures are notoriously difficult to understand. When a new model is announced, Tesla explains how many thousands of stewards have deposited deposits. When revenue is not good for sales, Tesla talks about production and, as surely as Boston sports fans become obnoxious when they feel a third title in sight, Tesla explains that an incredibly high number of sales has not yet been achieved. They have not yet been shipped because they are on carriers, roam the country or on boats to distant countries.
It's simple, in fact: when the total US tax credit of $ 7,500 per car expired at the end of 2018 and rose to $ 3,750 for the next six months, the first quarter 2019 deliveries of Tesla fell sharply. They were up 110% in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the first quarter of 2018, which is normally your comparison. However, they were 31% lower in the first quarter of 2019 than in the fourth quarter of 2018 after the expiry of the total tax credit.
Here is Bloomberg writer Liam Denning Apri 3 describing the beginning of April Reporting days for sales / deliveries from January to April 2019 and how to make sure that Tesla will see the coming year:
Tesla has reported 360,000 to 400,000 vehicle deliveries in 2019. In just a few hours, CEO Elon Musk has (verbally) increased this figure to only 350,000 to 500,000 models 3. Then I tweeted information, I brought it back in a few hours and the Securities and Exchange Commission was involved.
Tesla reduced Model S's starting prices by $ 3,000 ($ 71,250) and model and SUVs by $ 2,000 ($ 71,950) this week. This offsets previous price increases or provides for a reduction of $ 3,750 to $ 1,875 in US tax credits in July. The $ 1,875 credit lasts for six months and then, for Tesla, it is gone.
While sales in the United States were slowing down and the European market had not yet had the same love story with Tesla as American buyers have shown, Tesla CEO Elon Musk, talked about opportunities in China. Last year, auto sales in China reached 28 million, compared with 17 million in the United States, the second largest automotive market. The conventional wisdom on why China was a good thing for Tesla was:
Tesla's plan was to build a factory in Shanghai for $ 500 million. The company started in January, it is supposed to build cars by the end of the year and the loan is due to the union of Chinese banks next spring. Given the difficulties faced by Tesla in ensuring the proper operation of its Fremont, California plant, the Shanghai production schedule may be uncertain. Some critics criticize: If Shanghai opens its doors on schedule, testing on the production line could be compromised. And if Tesla is waiting for the debug of the line, he will not build cars in China until 2020. The first cars built in this country would be Tesla Model 3, followed by Model Ys, the next affordable SUV.
In 2016, Anne Stevenson-Yang of J Capital Research wrote:
Tesla … has a crown of glamor on the Chinese market … (he) seems to achieve sales to businesses and not to individuals … Tesla launched its Model S in China in April 2014 and drew 15.3% of its revenue from China in 2014. But records did not follow sales because many vehicles were sitting in the channel or at Tesla's warehouse. It turned out that most of the buyers used their Tesla for commercial purposes, be they real estate developers or hotels guarantying cars outside, almost as accessories, to demonstrate their wealth to buyers potential.
It is difficult to know how well equipped Tesla is for a Chinese market that can represent a high production compared to innovation and luxury. The Tesla Model 3, which is just starting to be sold in China, is an economical car compared to the Model S. In China, the Model 3 Long Range, the cheapest Tesla, costs $ 64,300. In comparison, the BYD e5 electric sedan starts at $ 21,000. Tesla had the misfortune of having to fire in a garage in Shanghai and be filmed.
All electric vehicle manufacturers, not just Tesla, are also facing the problem of charging. The majority of Chinese city dwellers live in apartment buildings. Garages for one car are rarities. It is therefore difficult to find places to charge.
Outside of China, Teslas faces increased competition in Europe from Audi and Jaguar, and more and more automakers are appearing. Europe, too, seeks to reduce pollution through the increased use of electric vehicles and less dependence on diesel. The research and analysis company Jato Dynamics said that diesel sales accounted for 31% of the market in March. In comparison, sales of electrified vehicles (electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids, hybrids) exceeded 100,000 for the first time.
Ford Tuesday spent very little money, about 1% of the company's total value, to buy Rivian, a promising developer of electric vans and luxury SUVs based in Michigan. This gives Ford instant credibility – at least more than it was recently – in the upper reaches of the Tesla electric vehicle. Rivian, alone, was pulling out his new vehicles at the end of 2020.
The $ 500 million buyout gives Ford the right to use the Rivian chassis to create a new Ford vehicle. Ford was one of the first proponents of electrification, but it has not kept pace with competitors in pure electric vehicles or in plug-in hybrids that consume electricity before 10 to 50 miles before the combustion engine. Amazon has already invested $ 700 million in Rivian. The Ford deal comes just after talks between GM and Rivian stop; GM wanted a monogamous relationship and Rivian has other projects.
Even before the Ford-Rivian connection, Ford had announced its intention to electrify the Ford F-150 pickup truck, the best-selling vehicle in the United States (over 800,000 sales last year). At an investor meeting after the Detroit auto show in January, Ford's vice president of sales and marketing, Jim Farley, said, "We're going to electrify the Electric and hybrid batteries of the F-series. " (And continue to build F-150 petrol and diesel.) The new Ford electric vehicle, unspecified, will pick up the design of the Rivian skateboard, ie the drivetrain and batteries resting. on a low module; then the cockpit goes to that. Ford will design and produce the vehicle.
In addition, Rivian used the F-150 truck chassis as the first development mules to test batteries and engines. This seems to be outside of what Ford will do to electrify the F-150.
Rivian is considered by American builders as a "normal" company. Founded in 2009, the company is headquartered in Michigan and headquartered in Plymouth. Many of his employees have worked at the Big Three Builders, including people who know how to run a production line is supposed to be running – regardless of its founder, RJ Scaringe grew up in Florida and went to Rensselaer and MIT rather than in Michigan or Purdue. Rivian also has operations in Irvine and San Jose, California, at Normal, IL (production site).
Since last year, Rivian presents the concepts of its two original products: the R1T "electric adventure" pickup truck and the seven-passenger R1S SUV. They are life-size vehicles. Depending on the size of the battery, they can travel up to 400 km. This is important because a pickup truck is more of a suburban or rural vehicle, driven away from public charging stations.
The current involvement of Ford Motor Company in the electrification – if you measure the number of vehicles available for sale – is moderate in 2019. Only three of the 43 electric vehicles or PHEV models sold last year were Ford. The new mid-size Lincoln Aviator SUV, 2020, will receive a hybrid plug-in version, although it is not listed in the company's current worksheets to order. The compact Ford Escape SUV and its brother Lincoln Corsair will offer variants of plug-in. Ford is also building a hybrid Ford Fusion, although the Fusion is losing production. One of Ford's big problems lies in the very good sedans, especially the Fusion, that buyers do not buy. GM has the same problem. Both go beyond the problem by selling more than half a million vans a year.
Ford found a middle ground to work with Rivian while GM could not. Rivian intends to be both a developer of its own vehicles and a technology supplier to other automakers. For years, Porsche has earned more money by doing design and consulting work for third parties. The Rivian rules for an agreement were twofold: do not compete directly with the vehicles we are developing (six d & # 39; here 2025, says Rivian) and do not tell us that we can only do business with you. GM wanted monogamy and walked. Ford has reached an agreement.
The big challenge for Ford – as for all automakers – is the current demand for electrified trucks. Rounded to the nearest whole, it's zero.
This could well change with rising fuel prices, a long-term shortage of hydrocarbons or, more likely, growing concern about climate change. Selling electrified SUVs is less tedious. And the same goes for hybrid plug-in microphones and SUVs. EV purists make fun of plug-in hybrids. But in the meantime, until there are more than 200,000 electric vehicle chargers in the country, plug-ins also make sense. Rivian can help with the EV part. Ford will have to do the PHEV game alone.
Teslas will be fully autonomous next year. The word, emanating from Elon Musk, arrived just two days before the publication of a report on Tesla's sales results, which will not be soft with the company. Tesla CEO and three Musk-Eteers members showed up on the scene Monday to announce fabulous breakthroughs in the field of self-driving (FSD) that will allow Tesla cars and Tesla robo-taxis. to leave as early as next year unless a market. The plan is to use two chips designed by Tesla that will fit into a glove box circuit board rather than taking care of the trunk. All without lidar.
Musk said Teslas will be "complete" for self-driving from vehicles built this year; Self-driving (level 5, actual self-driving) could become a reality by the second quarter of 2020. (Autonomous presidential campaign vehicles, are you tempted?) That gives at Tesla a length ahead of all other automakers, if Tesla is promised Monday.
If we seem a little cautious, we have already been there with Tesla. Other promises of Tesla have been in vain: early production claims, production quantity claims, technology. And yet, Tesla is by far the largest electric vehicle manufacturer, from a company that did not exist 15 years ago. And the Tesla Model 3, even though it did not meet Tesla's delivery and production requirements, remained the best-selling luxury car in the US last year and was 8 times more expensive than the Nissan Leaf, the Nissan Leaf.
Monday 's event lasted nearly two hours, plus a delay of about 50 minutes after the scheduled start time, Monday, at 11 o'clock. The three speakers, besides Musk, made it a kind of academic and technical procedure. But self-driving is also more complex than a Hallmark movie. Stakeholders:
In their entirety, the presentations were concise, thoughtful and thorough. But it's simply impossible to determine whether fully redundant FSD systems on a single map, a high-speed neural network, radar, eight cameras and 12 ultrasound sensors will allow Tesla to drive fully autonomously in 2020. Si Tesla says that's the case, it's a leap forward compared to the competition.
According to Bannon, "The [two separate cores] start and run their own operating systems. Both machines exchange … independent versions of [driving] Plans and make sure they are the same, and assuming they agree, they act and drive the car. Musk added: "Any part of this could fail, and the car will continue to roll. "
Every Tesla now comes with autopilot standard. Tesla says that the model you buy today will use the most autonomous software available around 2020. But by October 2016, Musk said: "All Tesla cars manufactured now have a complete and autonomous hardware." It was exaggerated. Tesla later said that he would need new hardware, and Tesla is hung up for these new computers.
Here's a feature you like if you're in Tesla, but less if you drive next to another and you're probably going to panic if you work for an agency whose name "Transport Safety" is: Tesla plans to become Mad Maximum setting that will lead more aggressively on highways. An example given by Musk is more aggressive lane changes.
Although Tesla is very enthusiastic about autonomous driving, Musk has nothing new to say about his promise for 2017 that Tesla would soon be traveling independently from coast to coast.
How does Tesla's agenda for the FSD autopilot (formerly Autopilot 3.0) be aggressive? Very. It's not only next year, but it's also said to be "anywhere" technology, and it's not equipped with lidar sensors that draw detailed environmental maps, even by mixed time. In comparison, Ford CEO Jim Hackett said the industry had misunderstood the complexity of self-driving. Ford still stands by 2021, when it launches self-driving, but only in certain regions.
On Monday, Musk associated his daring self-driving chronogram with an assertion that the net present value of the Tesla of an individual assigned to the flight-taxi service would be about $ 200,000. "The fundamental message that consumers should understand today is that it is financially foolish to buy anything other than Tesla," Musk said. "It will be like owning a horse in three years, fine if you want to own a horse, but you should do it with that expectation." A bold promise, and it may be that one wonders if a Tesla worth $ 200,000 is what it is. Securities and Exchange Commission could call a forward-looking statement. Musk says that there could be a million robo-taxis in service by 2020. (New York City has the largest traditional taxi business, with only 13,000 taxis, though its number is now higher than that of Uber, Lyft and others.)
Here is the idea: you buy a Tesla, with autopilot, totally autonomous. You put it in the fleet of Tesla self-drive taxis, using a software developed by Tesla. You make a lot of money with the taxi service, maybe $ 30,000 a year. Tesla gets a cut, say 25 to 30%. This increases the value of your car because it has secondary use, beyond driving. Thousands of taxis do not really affect the longevity of your Tesla, says Musk, as it's a good distance to travel 1 million miles. In areas where there are not enough Teslas to make the robotic service viable, Tesla will complete the fleet with its own taxis. In other words, in an area where there are not many Tesla owners, but there are people who would pay to go to Tesla, autonomously, via Lyft or Uber.
Will it really happen? Musk said that he was "very confident" that the launch will take place in some areas, but not because of local or national regulations. Musk said the deployment of a Tesla-owned fleet would have no significant impact on the company's overhead, costs or profits. It may be possible to ask him questions about this when calling Wednesday's results, expected after the market closes.
For those who believe that cars are supposed to be driven and paranoid about the outlawing of human-powered cars, Musk has given them cause for concern: "I am very convinced … [that] in the future, people will want to ban people who drive their own cars because they will not be safe "compared to autonomous vehicles.
Musk also pissed off Nvidia, maker of self-powered components for several automakers, claiming that Tesla had "the fastest computer in the world" for autonomous driving, able to run 144 trillion pounds. operations per second (TOPS). Nvidia responded quickly, said Tesla made a comparison between Apple employees and former Apple employees, and that Nvidia's self-driven processor executes 320 trillion operations per second. Almost enough for Photoshop to look fast. Nvidia's statement:
Tesla was incorrect in comparing his Full Self Driving computer to 144 TOPS treatment with Nvidia Drive Xavier at 21 TOPS. The correct comparison would have been made with Nvidia's fully autonomous Nvidia Drive AGX Pegasus, which provides 320 TOPS for perception of AI, location and trajectory planning.
You will probably read a mixed review and analysis of Monday's event. Most media and analysts consider Musk as a genius at a time, a risk taker and a third of PT Barnum. What he says today may not happen tomorrow.
So, their reports:
Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, has made many bold predictions. They do not always eat true. On Monday, Musk said the company was about to make cars capable of driving safely on all roads. He also promised that the company would start operating a fleet of driverless "taxis of thieves" by the end of next year. … Many automotive executives and analysts believe that Mr. Musk is extremely optimistic and claim that they behave all the time at least several years. – Neal E. Boudette, The New York Times
Tesla is once again making the same promise of Level 5 independence as it did at its October 19, 2016 press conference. Once again, CEO Elon Musk said Tesla's current cars have the equipment to work with them. a level 5 autonomy, with just a software update. Well, since October 2016, nothing has happened for Tesla beyond the 2 level of autonomy, and what they have done is not one but two hardware updates! Tesla is now keeping its Level 5 service promise in 2020 by saying that it depends on regulatory approval. However, Tesla does not specify which approval is needed. – Anton Wahlman, looking for alpha
Musk's forecast comes as Tesla prepares on Wednesday to reveal its first-quarter financial results, which should appear on the downside, raising questions about demand for the company's Model 3 compact car. The quarter, which includes a major debt settlement, will likely have a limited cash balance. Analysts believe that Tesla must collect billions of dollars to finance the company's growth plans, but Mr Musk has spoken out against fundraising over the past year. – Tim Higgins, the Wall Street Journal
Karl Brauer, editor-in-chief of Kelly Blue Book, is skeptical of the aggressive timeline that Musk and the company have presented, particularly in light of regulatory and safety concerns about fully autonomous driving. "It is clear that he and a score of other entities will one day drive their vehicles independently," Brauer said. "If you wait a few days before the publication of your results and you try to make sure that investors are engaged and enthusiastic about your company, you can do it." – Levi Sumagaysay, San Jose Mercury News
The result of Monday's Independence Day, as Tesla said: Tesla realizes he needs to work better to contact analysts and the media to explain the technology behind Tesla in general and the pilot automatic in particular. Tesla's stock is down 15% this year and 32% from its peak in September 2017. Analysts are still worried. At the same time, buyers must be assured of having made the right choice. And most importantly, Tesla must convince the 98% of the population who did not buy EVS last year that there is a solid future for electrification. This is an easier case to make when gas costs 4 dollars a gallon instead of the current 2,85 dollars.
Stay tuned for results from Wednesday's analysts call. The news will not be good. Sales in the United States collapsed when the Tesla VE tax credit was halved on January 1. In the meantime, keep asking yourself if Tesla has made a big leap forward in technology or marketing. Or some of each.